An epidemic of back pain and spinal degeneration will infiltrate over 80% of the population at some point in their lives. Although groundbreaking medicine and health science has reached heights never imagined, we continue to lack acceptable levels of positive, long-term outcomes with these debilitating conditions: herniated discs, spinal arthritis, osteophytosis, spinal stenosis and peripheral neuropathy. We will go in-depth to uncover the physiological and biomechanical aspects of the spinal system as well as the root causes of injury. We will discuss conservative and progressive treatments that are being used today and correlate those aspects with the body’s naturally ability to dismantle the pathological process and aid in the restoration of physiology. We will review the tools and behavior that can exacerbate illness as well as habits, procedures, technology and therapies that can assist the body in its own organic repair.